GP 7

photos
histories of the GP 7

These notes were compiled by David Othen with considerable help from Don McQueen, Ron Visockis, Don Ward and other members of the CNLines Yahoo group as well as from caption information in several BRMNA(Calgary) publications and in Rail Canada Volume 1. The roster information was taken from a GP7 Historical Summary researched and compiled by Don McQueen from material collected by Don McQueen and Ray Corley.

Background

Canadian National began ordering General Purpose (GP) diesels later than many other North American railroads and as a result only purchased 24 GP7s. Later, in October 1958, GMD rebuilt wrecked F3A 9005 (originally built in 1948) with a GP9 carbody to give a GP7M 4824.

The first order (C-168) was for 20 dynamic braked GP7s which came equipped with Pyle headlights and Blomberg trucks as seen in the builder’s photographs above. A second order (C-169) for four GP7 without dynamic brakes followed but this was treated by GM as part of the initial order. All were built in the Fall of 1953 by GM in London, Ontario. Originally, the units were numbered 7555 to 7578 but in September 1954 they were renumbered to 1700 to 1723 and reclassified; then in June 1956 they were renumbered again to 4350 to 4373 and finally in August 1957 they received their final numbers 4800 to 4823.

Many were transferred to CN’s Western Region and some, if not all, received Flexicoil trucks for operation on prairie branchlines and the Alberta Resources Railway to Grande Cache. The Blomberg truck has prominent lateral leaf springs, supported by outside hangers, which help to reduce the side-to-side motion. These trucks have a wheelbase of 108 inches. Flexicoil trucks lack the outside spring hangers (and presumably the springs) and those used by CN have a wheelbase of 96 inches. A GP7 with Flexicoil trucks weighs 239800 lbs whereas with Blomberg trucks it weighs 246530 lbs. Presumably, because the locomotives were used on branchlines where speeds are generally lower, it was not necessary to provide as much lateral damping.

All units were retired between 1967 and 1975.
Liveries

All units were delivered in the green and yellow paint scheme (CNR Green No 11 and CNR Yellow No 11) initially with the CNR monogram (white CNR on red maple leaf with an outside diameter of 28 inches as seen in the in the builder’s pictures above and in the photo of 4357 in Canadian National in the West Volume 4 page 18 by J.A. Love and R.A. Matthews BRMNA (Calgary)). Many, possibly all, units later received the 1954 monogram in which yellow Canadian National Railways replaced the white CNR and the outside diameter was only 20 inches as seen in the photos of 4818. From the early 1960’s units began to be repainted in the CN orange and black scheme (CN Orange No 11, CNR Grey No 17 and black) with the CN symbol but three units were retired without being repainted into this livery — 4809 and 4812 (in 1971) and 4818 (in 1975) — information from Don McQueen and Ray Corley.

Modifications

Several visible changes were made to the units during their lifetime. After a couple of years the handrails on the frame side of the steps were sloped inwards to provide a better hand hold when walking around the step well. Some units had their exhaust stacks extended and later spark arresters were added, probably to all units. The three photos on page 35 of Rail Canada Volume 1 show these variations. At least one unit received a dual headlight, on at least one end, by August 1970 (see photo of 4818) and 4824 may have had dual headlights since its rebuilding. 4819 is believed to be the only unit fitted with a passenger style pilot. (see CNLines V3/3)

Flexicoil trucks from 4100-4133 were fitted beginning in early 1967 (Mod.HQ-8081). By November 1969 all units were listed in the Mechanical Dept. diagrams as having Flexicoil trucks (information from Don McQueen and Ray Corley). If this was indeed the case then several units were refitted with Blomberg trucks after only a few years as shown by the photographic evidence.

From photographs, the following units are known to have had Flexicoil trucks on the dates given:

4802 March 1971 (Black and orange)
4803 January 1975 (Black and Orange)
4811 3 January 1968 (Black and Orange)
4820 1972 and June 1975 (Black and Orange)
4823 February 1975 and when scrapped March 1980 (Black and Red)
4824 may have had Flexicoil trucks in May 1969 but the photo is not definitive (Black and Orange).

From photographs taken in 1967 and later, the following units are known to have had Blomberg trucks on the dates given:

4801 September 1971 (Black and Orange)
4809 August 1970 (Green and yellow)
4812 1 October 1968 (Green and Yellow)
4818 3 February 1968 and August 1970 (Green and yellow)
4822 July 1971 and March 1972 (Black and Orange)